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Proceedings Paper

Target localization in moving radar platform exploiting range and Doppler information through semidefinite relaxation
Author(s): Jia Liu; Yimin D. Zhang; Moeness G. Amin
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Paper Abstract

Moving radar platforms form synthetic apertures for effective target localization. One of the important target localization techniques is to multilaterate the position of a target based on the own positions of the radar and the range estimates obtained at each radar position. In practical applications, the radar positions as well as the range estimates are subject to error due to maneuvering, timing error, as well as measurement noise. Previous works have shown that, by incorporating the semidefinite relaxation techniques which permit the use of convex optimization approaches to solve a large class of nonconvex estimation problems, improved target location estimates can be achieved over those obtained from conventional techniques, such as least square methods. In some radar applications, on the other hand, it may be advantageous to incorporate the Doppler measurements. Doppler frequency information is often complementary to range measurements in target localization and is particularly helpful when range information alone does not provide satisfactory target localization performance. In this paper, we consider the problem of target localization based on both range and Doppler estimates obtained at multiple radar locations, where such information as well as the radar locations are subject to certain random errors. Semidefinite relaxation is applied to formulate convex solutions for this problem. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate performance improvement by utilizing both range and Doppler estimates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7706, Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing V, 77060E (28 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.850856
Show Author Affiliations
Jia Liu, Villanova Univ. (United States)
Yimin D. Zhang, Villanova Univ. (United States)
Moeness G. Amin, Villanova Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7706:
Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing V
Sohail A. Dianat; Michael D. Zoltowski, Editor(s)

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