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Proceedings Paper

Laser-induced breakdown plasma-based sensors
Author(s): Steven T. Griffin
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Paper Abstract

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is dependent on the interaction between the initiating Laser sequence, the sampled material and the intermediate plasma states. Pulse shaping and timing have been empirically demonstrated to have significant impact on the signal available for active/passive detection and identification. The transient nature of empirical LIBS work makes data collection for optimization an expensive process. Guidance from effective computer simulation represents an alternative. This computational method for CBRNE sensing applications models the Laser, material and plasma interaction for the purpose of performance prediction and enhancement. This paper emphasizes the aspects of light, plasma, and material interaction relevant to portable sensor development for LIBS. The modeling structure emphasizes energy balances and empirical fit descriptions with limited detailed-balance and finite element approaches where required. Dusty plasma from partially decomposed material sample interaction with pulse dynamics is considered. This heuristic is used to reduce run times and computer loads. Computer simulations and some data for validation are presented. A new University of Memphis HPC/super-computer (~15 TFLOPS) is used to enhance simulation. Results coordinated with related effort at Arkansas State University. Implications for ongoing empirical work are presented with special attention paid to the application of compressive sensing for signal processing, feature extraction, and classification.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7665, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XI, 76650Z (5 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.850095
Show Author Affiliations
Steven T. Griffin, The Univ. of Memphis (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7665:
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XI
Augustus Way Fountain III; Patrick J. Gardner, Editor(s)

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