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Proceedings Paper

The application of iterative closest point (ICP) registration to improve 3D terrain mapping estimates using the flash 3D ladar system
Author(s): Jack Woods; Ernest E. Armstrong; Walter Armbruster; Richard Richmond
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Paper Abstract

The primary purpose of this research was to develop an effective means of creating a 3D terrain map image (point-cloud) in GPS denied regions from a sequence of co-bore sighted visible and 3D LIDAR images. Both the visible and 3D LADAR cameras were hard mounted to a vehicle. The vehicle was then driven around the streets of an abandoned village used as a training facility by the German Army and imagery was collected. The visible and 3D LADAR images were then fused and 3D registration performed using a variation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm. The ICP algorithm is widely used for various spatial and geometric alignment of 3D imagery producing a set of rotation and translation transformations between two 3D images. ICP rotation and translation information obtain from registering the fused visible and 3D LADAR imagery was then used to calculate the x-y plane, range and intensity (xyzi) coordinates of various structures (building, vehicles, trees etc.) along the driven path. The xyzi coordinates information was then combined to create a 3D terrain map (point-cloud). In this paper, we describe the development and application of 3D imaging techniques (most specifically the ICP algorithm) used to improve spatial, range and intensity estimates of imagery collected during urban terrain mapping using a co-bore sighted, commercially available digital video camera with focal plan of 640×480 pixels and a 3D FLASH LADAR. Various representations of the reconstructed point-clouds for the drive through data will also be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7684, Laser Radar Technology and Applications XV, 76840N (29 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.849724
Show Author Affiliations
Jack Woods, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Ernest E. Armstrong, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Walter Armbruster, FGAN-FOM (Germany)
Richard Richmond, ITT Information Systems (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7684:
Laser Radar Technology and Applications XV
Monte D. Turner; Gary W. Kamerman, Editor(s)

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