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Proceedings Paper

Understanding Li-ion battery processes at the atomic- to nano-scale
Author(s): J. P. Sullivan; J. Huang; M. J. Shaw; A. Subramanian; N. Hudak; Y. Zhan; J. Lou
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Paper Abstract

Reducing battery materials to nano-scale dimensions may improve battery performance while maintaining the use of low-cost materials. However, we need better characterization tools with atomic to nano-scale resolution in order to understand degradation mechanisms and the structural and mechanical changes that occur in these new materials during battery cycling. To meet this need, we have developed a micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS)-based platform for performing electrochemical measurements using volatile electrolytes inside a transmission electron microscope (TEM). This platform uses flip-chip assembly with special alignment features and multiple buried electrode configurations. In addition to this platform, we have developed an unsealed platform that permits in situ TEM electrochemistry using ionic liquid electrolytes. As a test of these platform concepts, we have assembled MnO2 nanowires on to the platform using dielectrophoresis and have examined their electrical and structural changes as a function of lithiation. These results reveal a large irreversible drop in electronic conductance and the creation of a high degree of lattice disorder following lithiation of the nanowires. From these initial results, we conclude that the future full development of in situ TEM characterization tools will enable important mechanistic understanding of Li-ion battery materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2010
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7683, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications, 76830B (29 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.849530
Show Author Affiliations
J. P. Sullivan, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
J. Huang, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
M. J. Shaw, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
A. Subramanian, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
N. Hudak, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Y. Zhan, Rice Univ. (United States)
J. Lou, Rice Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7683:
Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications
Nibir K. Dhar; Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya; Achyut Kumar Dutta, Editor(s)

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