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Proceedings Paper

Using commodity accelerometers and gyroscopes to improve speed and accuracy of JanusVF
Author(s): Malcolm Hutson; Dirk Reiners
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Paper Abstract

Several critical limitations exist in the currently available commercial tracking technologies for fully-enclosed virtual reality (VR) systems. While several 6DOF solutions can be adapted to work in fully-enclosed spaces, they still include elements of hardware that can interfere with the user's visual experience. JanusVF introduced a tracking solution for fully-enclosed VR displays that achieves comparable performance to available commercial solutions but without artifacts that can obscure the user's view. JanusVF employs a small, high-resolution camera that is worn on the user's head, but faces backwards. The VR rendering software draws specific fiducial markers with known size and absolute position inside the VR scene behind the user but in view of the camera. These fiducials are tracked by ARToolkitPlus and integrated by a single-constraint-at-a-time (SCAAT) filter to update the head pose. In this paper we investigate the addition of low-cost accelerometers and gyroscopes such as those in Nintendo Wii remotes, the Wii Motion Plus, and the Sony Sixaxis controller to improve the precision and accuracy of JanusVF. Several enthusiast projects have implemented these units as basic trackers or for gesture recognition, but none so far have created true 6DOF trackers using only the accelerometers and gyroscopes. Our original experiments were repeated after adding the low-cost inertial sensors, showing considerable improvements and noise reduction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 January 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7525, The Engineering Reality of Virtual Reality 2010, 752508 (27 January 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.849060
Show Author Affiliations
Malcolm Hutson, Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette (United States)
Dirk Reiners, Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7525:
The Engineering Reality of Virtual Reality 2010
Ian E. McDowall; Margaret Dolinsky, Editor(s)

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