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Proceedings Paper

Force characteristics of a modular squeeze mode magneto-rheological element
Author(s): Michael J. Craft; Mehdi Ahmadian; Alireza Farjoud; William C. T. Burke; Clement Nagode
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Paper Abstract

While few publications exist on the behavior of Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluid in squeeze mode, devices using squeeze mode may take advantage of the very large range of adjustment that squeeze mode offers. Based on results obtained through modeling and testing MR fluid in a squeeze mode rheometer, a novel compression-adjustable element has been fabricated and tested, which utilizes MR fluid in squeeze mode. While shear and valve modes have been used exclusively for MR fluid damping applications, recent modeling and testing with MR fluid has revealed that much larger adjustment ranges are achievable in squeeze mode. Utilizing squeeze mode, a compression element, or MR Pouch, was developed consisting of a flexible cylindrical membrane with each end fastened to a steel endplate (pole plates). The silicone rubber pouch material was molded in the required shape for use in the squeeze mode rheometer. This flexible membrane allows for the complete self-containment of MR fluid and because the pouch compensates for volume changes, there is no need for dynamic seals and associated surface finish treatments on the steel components. An electromagnet incorporated in the rheometer passes an adjustable magnetic field axially through the pole plates and MR fluid. Test results show the device was capable of varying the compression force from less than 8lbs to greater than 1000lbs when the pole plates were 0.050" apart. Simulations were compared against test data with good correlation. Possible applications of this technology include primary suspension components, auxiliary suspension bump stops, and other vibration isolation components, as MR Pouches are scalable depending on the application and force requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2010
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7643, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2010, 764313 (9 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.848856
Show Author Affiliations
Michael J. Craft, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Mehdi Ahmadian, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Alireza Farjoud, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
William C. T. Burke, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Clement Nagode, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7643:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2010
Mehrdad N. Ghasemi-Nejhad, Editor(s)

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