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Proceedings Paper

Lamb wave propagation in Z-pin reinforced co-cured composite pi-joints
Author(s): Eric D. Swenson; Som R. Soni; Hitesh Kapoor
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents an initial study on Lamb wave propagation characteristics in z-pin reinforced, co-cured composite pi-joints for the purposes of structural health monitoring (SHM). Pi-joint test articles were designed and created to replicate a co-cured, all composite skin-spar joint found within a typical aircraft wing structure. Because pi-joints exhibit various complex damage modes, formal studies are required if SHM systems are to be developed to monitor these types of joints for potential damage. Experiments were conducted on a undamaged (healthy) and damaged test articles where Lamb waves were excited using one lead zirconate titanate (PZT) transducer. A three-dimensional (3D) scanning laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) was used to collect high-density scans of both the in-plane and out-of-plane velocity measurements. In the damaged test article, where delamination, matrix cracking, and fiber breakage can clearly be seen, changes in both the fundamental antisymmetric A0 and symmetric S0 Lamb wave modes are apparent. In both test articles, the effects of narrow geometry, discontinuity due to the attachment of the web, and thickness has detectable effects on Lamb wave propagation. From the comparisons between Lamb waves propagating through the undamaged and damaged test articles, it is clear that damage can be detected using Lamb waves in z-pin reinforced, co-cured composite pi-joints for this case of extensive damage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7649, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2010, 76490D (9 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.848787
Show Author Affiliations
Eric D. Swenson, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Som R. Soni, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Hitesh Kapoor, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7649:
Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2010
Peter J. Shull; Aaron A. Diaz; H. Felix Wu, Editor(s)

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