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Proceedings Paper

Warped frequency transform analysis of ultrasonic guided waves in long bones
Author(s): L. De Marchi; E. Baravelli; K. Xu; D. Ta; N. Speciale; A. Marzani; E. Viola
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Paper Abstract

Long bones can be seen as irregular hollow tubes, in which, for a given excitation frequency, many ultrasonic Guided Waves (GWs) can propagate. The analysis of GWs is potential to reflect more information on both geometry and material properties of the bone than any other method (such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, or quantitative computed tomography), and can be used in the assessment of osteoporosis and in the evaluation of fracture healing. In this study, time frequency representations (TFRs) were used to gain insights into the expected behavior of GWs in bones. To this aim, we implemented a dedicated Warped Frequency Transform (WFT) which decomposes the spectrotemporal components of the different propagating modes by selecting an appropriate warping map to reshape the frequency axis. The map can be designed once the GWs group velocity dispersion curves can be predicted. To this purpose, the bone is considered as a hollow cylinder with inner and outer diameter of 16.6 and 24.7 mm, respectively, and linear poroelastic material properties in agreement with the low level of stresses induced by the waves. Timetransient events obtained experimentally, via a piezoelectric ultrasonic set-up applied to bovine tibiae, are analyzed. The results show that WFT limits interference patterns which appear with others TFRs (such as scalograms or warpograms) and produces a sparse representation suitable for characterization purposes. In particular, the mode-frequency combinations propagating with minimal losses are identified.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 April 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7650, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2010, 76502W (8 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.848036
Show Author Affiliations
L. De Marchi, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)
E. Baravelli, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)
K. Xu, Fudan Univ. (China)
D. Ta, Fudan Univ. (China)
N. Speciale, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)
A. Marzani, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)
E. Viola, Univ. di Bologna (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7650:
Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2010
Tribikram Kundu, Editor(s)

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