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Proceedings Paper

EAP actuators aid the quest for the 'Holy Braille' of tactile displays
Author(s): Noel Runyan; Deane Blazie
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Paper Abstract

The authors present the worldwide need for electronic Braille displays to promote literacy among the blind. The use of of EAP's to produce Braille displays is encouraged and detailed descriptions of the technology of Braille are presented. Prior art is covered since the early 1950's through present day displays based mostly on piezoelectric technologies. EAP's offer the promise of the "Holy Braille", the ability to display a full page of Braille electronically. Details on "how not to make a Braille display" are covered in prior art.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7642, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010, 764207 (9 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847764
Show Author Affiliations
Noel Runyan, National Braille Press (United States)
Deane Blazie, National Braille Press (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7642:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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