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Proceedings Paper

Electrically driven PEDOT/PSS actuators
Author(s): H. Okuzaki; K. Hosaka; H. Suzuki; T. Ito
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Paper Abstract

Free-standing films made of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS) were prepared by casting water dispersion of its colloidal particles. Specific surface area, water vapor sorption, and electroactive polymer actuating behavior of the resulting films were investigated by means of sorption isotherm, and electromechanical analysis. It was found that the non-porous PEDOT/PSS film, having a specific surface area of 0.13 m2 g-1, sorbed water vapor of 1080 cm3(STP) g-1, corresponding to 87 wt%, at relative water vapor pressure of 0.95. A temperature rise from 25 to 40 °C lowered sorption degree, indicative of an exothermic process, where isosteric heat of sorption decreased with increasing water vapor sorption and the value reached 43.9 kJ mol-1, being consistent with the heat of water condensation (44 kJ mol-1). Upon application of 10 V, the film underwent contraction of 2.4% in air at 50% relative humidity (RH) which significantly increased to 4.5% at 90% RH. The principle lay in desorption of water vapor sorbed in the film due to Joule heating, where electric field was capable of controlling the equilibrium of water vapor sorption.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7642, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010, 76422U (9 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847385
Show Author Affiliations
H. Okuzaki, Univ. of Yamanashi (Japan)
K. Hosaka, Univ. of Yamanashi (Japan)
H. Suzuki, Univ. of Yamanashi (Japan)
T. Ito, Takano Co. Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7642:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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