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Proceedings Paper

Near-infrared-activated gold nanoshells for thermal ablation of macrophages in vitro
Author(s): Amani R. Makkouk; Henry Hirschberg; H. Michael Gach; Steen J. Madsen
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Paper Abstract

In vitro studies were initiated to determine the suitability of murine and rat macrophages as delivery vehicles for gold nanoshells in the treatment of gliomas. Visualization of macrophage accumulation in and around gliomas may be accomplished using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO). The optimal loading of both murine and rat macrophages with SPIO was determined using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Higher concentrations of SPIO were observed in rat macrophages and the optimal concentration in these cell lines was around 300 μg/ml. Higher concentrations resulted in significant cell toxicity. SPIO were visualized in fixed rat brains subjected to high field MRI using T2*-weighted gradient echo pulse sequences. Macrophages were found to be very sensitive to near infra-red (NIR) laser irradiation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7548, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI, 754840 (3 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.845553
Show Author Affiliations
Amani R. Makkouk, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas (United States)
Henry Hirschberg, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
H. Michael Gach, Nevada Cancer Institute (United States)
Steen J. Madsen, Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7548:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI
Anita Mahadevan-Jansen; Andreas Mandelis; Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Nikiforos Kollias; Henry Hirschberg; Kenton W. Gregory; Reza S. Malek; E. Duco Jansen; Guillermo J. Tearney; Steen J. Madsen; Bernard Choi; Justus F. R. Ilgner; Haishan Zeng; Laura Marcu, Editor(s)

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