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Proceedings Paper

Challenges for mid-IR interband cascade lasers
Author(s): I. Vurgaftman; M. Kim; C. S. Kim; W. W. Bewley; C. L. Canedy; J. R. Lindle; J. Abell; J. R. Meyer
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Paper Abstract

We review the state-of-the-art performance of interband cascade lasers emitting in the 3-5 μm spectral band and discuss the prospects for future improvements. New five-stage designs produce a combination of pulsed roomtemperature threshold current densities of 400-500 A/cm2 and internal losses as low as ≈ 6 cm-1 for broad-area devices. A 4.4-μm-wide ridge fabricated from one of these wafers and emitting at 3.7 μm lased cw to 335 K, which is the highest cw operating temperature for any semiconductor laser in the 3.0-4.6 μm spectral range. A 10-μm-wide ridge with high-reflection and anti-reflection facet coatings produced up to 59 mW of cw power at 298 K, and displayed a maximum wall-plug efficiency of 3.4%. Corrugated-sidewall distributed-feedback lasers from similar material produce 45 mW of cw power in a single spectral mode at -20°C, with maximum wall-plug efficiency of 7.6%. The current tuning range for temperatures between 0 and 25°C is ≥11 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 February 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7616, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers IX, 761619 (12 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.844678
Show Author Affiliations
I. Vurgaftman, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
M. Kim, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
C. S. Kim, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
W. W. Bewley, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
C. L. Canedy, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
J. R. Lindle, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
J. Abell, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
J. R. Meyer, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7616:
Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers IX
Alexey A. Belyanin; Peter M. Smowton, Editor(s)

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