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Proceedings Paper

A microfabricated phantom for diffusion tensor imaging
Author(s): Behzad Ebrahimi; Siamak P. Nejad Davarani; GuangLiang Ding; Quan Jiang; Timothy E. Chupp
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Paper Abstract

A microfabricated phantom with application in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is presented. Using lithography technique, we have the capability of creating microchannels in the same scale as actual neural fibers (few to tens of microns in diameter). The method is flexible in generating different geometrical patterns. Neural bundles were simulated by designing a large number of microchannels, running parallel to each other. PDMS, the casting material, is not diffusible to water. This applies the restriction to the diffusion of water molecules in different directions. The dimensions of the channels can be calculated based on the desired fractional anisotropy (FA) ratios. Many unresolved issues in studying and improving diffusion tensor imaging can be carefully investigated by implementing an artificial model of neural bundles with well-known geometrical parameters. Problems affiliated with the crossing fibers in 'tractography' are among these issues. Since the topology of the tracts is known, whenever the full characterization of water motion is desired, the elements of the diffusion tensor can be calculated to be compared to the measured values. Optimization of the pulse sequences and calibration of the gradients in DTI are among other application of such phantom. The phantom is made of PDMS, a silicon based, MRI compatible material. Once the mold is generated, creating new phantoms is easy, quick and inexpensive and requires no special equipment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7626, Medical Imaging 2010: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 76261Q (9 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.844460
Show Author Affiliations
Behzad Ebrahimi, Univ. of Michigan-Ann Arbor (United States)
Siamak P. Nejad Davarani, Univ. of Michigan-Ann Arbor (United States)
Henry Ford Hospital (United States)
GuangLiang Ding, Henry Ford Hospital (United States)
Quan Jiang, Henry Ford Hospital (United States)
Oakland Univ. (United States)
Timothy E. Chupp, Univ. of Michigan-Ann Arbor (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7626:
Medical Imaging 2010: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Robert C. Molthen; John B. Weaver, Editor(s)

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