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Proceedings Paper

Direction-dependent regularization for improved estimation of liver and lung motion in 4D image data
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Paper Abstract

The estimation of respiratory motion is a fundamental requisite for many applications in the field of 4D medical imaging, for example for radiotherapy of thoracic and abdominal tumors. It is usually done using non-linear registration of time frames of the sequence without further modelling of physiological motion properties. In this context, the accurate calculation of liver und lung motion is especially challenging because the organs are slipping along the surrounding tissue (i.e. the rib cage) during the respiratory cycle, which leads to discontinuities in the motion field. Without incorporating this specific physiological characteristic, common smoothing mechanisms cause an incorrect estimation along the object borders. In this paper, we present an extended diffusion-based model for incorporating physiological knowledge in image registration. By decoupling normal- and tangential-directed smoothing, we are able to estimate slipping motion at the organ borders while preventing gaps and ensuring smooth motion fields inside. We evaluate our model for the estimation of lung and liver motion on the basis of publicly accessible 4D CT and 4D MRI data. The results show a considerable increase of registration accuracy with respect to the target registration error and a more plausible motion estimation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 March 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7623, Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 76232Y (12 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.844194
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander Schmidt-Richberg, Univ. Medical Ctr. Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany)
Jan Ehrhardt, Univ. Medical Ctr. Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany)
René Werner, Univ. Medical Ctr. Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany)
Heinz Handels, Univ. Medical Ctr. Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7623:
Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing
Benoit M. Dawant; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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