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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication and characterization of nanoclay modified PMR type polyimide composites reinforced with 3D woven basalt fabric
Author(s): Jianfei Xie; Yiping Qiu
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Paper Abstract

Nanoclay modified PMR type polyimide composites were prepared from 3D orthogonal woven basalt fiber performs and nanoclay modified polyimide matrix resin, which derived from methylene dianiline (MDA), dimethyl ester of 3,3',4,4'- oxydiphthalic acid (ODPE), monomethyl ester of cis-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (NE) and nanoclay. The Na+-montmorillonite was organically treated using a 1:1 molar ratio mixture of dodecylamine (C12) and MDA. The rheological properties of neat B-stage PMR polyimide and 2% clay modified B-stage PMR polyimide were investigated. Based on the results obtained from the rheological tests, a two step compression molding process can be established for the composites. In the first step, the 3D fabric preforms were impregnated with polyimide resin in a vacuum oven and heated up for degassing the volatiles and by-products. In the second step, composites were compressed. The internal structure of the composites was observed by a microscope. Incorporation of 2% clay showed an improvement in the Tg and stiffness of the PMR polyimide. The resulting composites exhibited high thermal stability and good mechanical properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7493, Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 74934G (21 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.843490
Show Author Affiliations
Jianfei Xie, Donghua Univ. (China)
Yiping Qiu, Donghua Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7493:
Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering
Jinsong Leng; Anand K. Asundi; Wolfgang Ecke, Editor(s)

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