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Proceedings Paper

Near-infrared spectroscopy of the bladder: a new technique for studying lower urinary tract function in health and disease
Author(s): Babak Shadgan; Kourosh Afshar; Lynn Stothers; Andrew Macnab
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Paper Abstract

Background: Continuous wave near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can monitor chromophore change in the bladder detrusor muscle during voiding; oxygenation and hemodynamic data derived differ in health and disease. Application of wireless NIRS for evaluation of voiding dysfunction would benefit children. Methods: Subjects: 20 children (4-17 yrs) [5 normal, 15 with urinary tract pathology]. Instrumentation: self-contained device weight 84 gm; 3 paired light emitting diodes (760/850 nm) in a spatially resolved configuration; source-detector separation distances (30, 35 and 40 mm); silicon photodiode detector; and Bluetooth®. Procedure: Transcutaneous monitoring (midline abdominal skin 2 cm above pubis) during spontaneous voiding (bladder contraction) of oxygenated (O2Hb), deoxygenated (HHb) and total hemoglobin (tHb) and tissue oxygen saturation index (TSI %) at 10 Hz. Results: All 20 trials produced clear graphic data with no movement effect evident. Comparison of patterns of chromophore change between normal and symptomatic subjects revealed trend differences in O2Hb and tHb. (Normal positive; Symptomatic negative, and TSI% fell in symptomatic group). Conclusions: Wireless NIRS is technically feasible in ambulant children. Negative trends in chromophore concentration and falls in TSI% suggest a hemodynamic impairment may underlie some forms of voiding dysfunction, with abnormal physiology involving the microcirculation possibly resulting in muscle fatigue during voiding.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7548, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI, 75480U (2 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.841066
Show Author Affiliations
Babak Shadgan, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Kourosh Afshar, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Lynn Stothers, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Andrew Macnab, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Wallenberg Research Ctr. (South Africa)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7548:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VI
Anita Mahadevan-Jansen; Andreas Mandelis; Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Nikiforos Kollias; Henry Hirschberg; Kenton W. Gregory; Reza S. Malek; E. Duco Jansen; Guillermo J. Tearney; Steen J. Madsen; Bernard Choi; Justus F. R. Ilgner; Haishan Zeng; Laura Marcu, Editor(s)

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