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Proceedings Paper

Multiphoton microscopy as a diagnostic imaging modality for lung cancer
Author(s): Ina Pavlova; Kelly R. Hume; Stephanie A. Yazinski; Rachel M. Peters; Robert S. Weiss; Watt W. Webb
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Paper Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading killer among all cancers for both men and women in the US, and is associated with one of the lowest 5-year survival rates. Current diagnostic techniques, such as histopathological assessment of tissue obtained by computed tomography guided biopsies, have limited accuracy, especially for small lesions. Early diagnosis of lung cancer can be improved by introducing a real-time, optical guidance method based on the in vivo application of multiphoton microscopy (MPM). In particular, we hypothesize that MPM imaging of living lung tissue based on twophoton excited intrinsic fluorescence and second harmonic generation can provide sufficient morphologic and spectroscopic information to distinguish between normal and diseased lung tissue. Here, we used an experimental approach based on MPM with multichannel fluorescence detection for initial discovery that MPM spectral imaging could differentiate between normal and neoplastic lung in ex vivo samples from a murine model of lung cancer. Current results indicate that MPM imaging can directly distinguish normal and neoplastic lung tissues based on their distinct morphologies and fluorescence emission properties in non-processed lung tissue. Moreover, we found initial indication that MPM imaging differentiates between normal alveolar tissue, inflammatory foci, and lung neoplasms. Our long-term goal is to apply results from ex vivo lung specimens to aid in the development of multiphoton endoscopy for in vivo imaging of lung abnormalities in various animal models, and ultimately for the diagnosis of human lung cancer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7569, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences X, 756918 (26 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.841017
Show Author Affiliations
Ina Pavlova, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Kelly R. Hume, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Stephanie A. Yazinski, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Rachel M. Peters, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Robert S. Weiss, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Watt W. Webb, Cornell Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7569:
Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences X
Ammasi Periasamy; Peter T. C. So; Karsten König, Editor(s)

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