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Proceedings Paper

Molecular mechanics simulation on the deformation behaviors and the mechanical properties of nano composite of polyethylene and POSS
Author(s): Enlai Hu; Yi Sun; Fanlin Zeng
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Paper Abstract

The influence of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) on nano-hybrid materials has caused widespread attentions. In the current work, we investigate the deformation behaviors and the mechanical properties of the two kinds of polymers, polyethylene (PE) and PE copolymerized with vinyl-POSS (POSS-PE) by using molecular mechanics simulations. First, the nano scale atomistic models of the PE and POSS-PE incorporated with 25 wt% vinyl-POSS are built. With the aids of the COMPASS force field, the mechanical behaviors of the two kinds of polymers under different tensile strains are then simulated and the stress-strain curves are obtained. From the curve, the stresses and strains of PE keep approximately linear before the yield point. The corresponding tensile modulus is in good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the simulation results show that the localized necking deformation appears during the yield process. It is believed that the slippage between the adjacent molecule chains is the chief source of such localized deformation. However, the necking phenomenon is not found in POSS-PE nano-composite. It seems that the POSS cages prevent the macromolecule chains from wide-spread slipping. The deformation is restrained locally around POSS monomers, thus leading to the formation of micro voids. We finally analyze the mechanical properties of the two kinds of polymers. The elastic modulus and tensile strength of POSS-PE have been remarkably improved. This work is significant to understand the reinforcement mechanism of POSS and provides important referential message to the applications of POSS.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 October 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7493, Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 74935F (20 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.840361
Show Author Affiliations
Enlai Hu, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Yi Sun, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)
Fanlin Zeng, Harbin Institute of Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7493:
Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering
Jinsong Leng; Anand K. Asundi; Wolfgang Ecke, Editor(s)

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