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Proceedings Paper

Health monitoring of a continuous rigid frame bridge based on PZT impedance and strain measurements
Author(s): Junbing Zhang; Hongping Zhu; Dansheng Wang; Bo He; Huaqiang Zhou
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Paper Abstract

Critical civil infrastructures such as bridges, dams, and pipelines present a major investment and their safety and security affect the life of citizens and national economic development. So it is very important for engineers and researchers to monitor their integrity while in operation and throughout. In recent years, the piezoelectric-ceramic (PZT) patches, which serve both as impedance sensors and actuators, have been increasingly used for structural health monitoring. This paper presents an impedance-based method, which utilizes the electro-mechanical coupling property of PZT sensors. There are a lot of advantages of this method, such as not based on any physical models, sensitive to tiny damage for its high frequency characteristics. An engineering application of this method for health monitoring of a continuous rigid frame bridge is implemented in this study. Some PZT active sensors are embedded into critical sections of the continuous rigid-frame box beam. The electrical admittances of these distributed PZT sensors are measured when the bridge is constructing or suffering from operational loads. For comparison, strain gauges are arranged in adjacent regions of these PZT sensors to obtain the strains of concrete around them at the same time. Based on the admittance sigatures obtained form PZT sensors and the strain measurements of concrete around them, the health status of the bridge is monitored and evaluated successfully.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 October 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7493, Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 74936R (20 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.840252
Show Author Affiliations
Junbing Zhang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Hongping Zhu, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Dansheng Wang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Bo He, Wuhan Tianxingzhou Highway and Bridge Investment Development Co., Ltd (China)
Huaqiang Zhou, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7493:
Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering
Jinsong Leng; Anand K. Asundi; Wolfgang Ecke, Editor(s)

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