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Proceedings Paper

New fluorescent nucleosides for real-time exploration of nucleic acids
Author(s): Yitzhak Tor
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Paper Abstract

Nucleic acids experience a variety of perturbations. These may include strand cleavage and ligation, local conformational changes, base flipping, as well as structural and environmental perturbations that are induced upon protein and low MW ligand binding. Since the native nucleobases are practically non-emissive, synthetic fluorescent nucleoside analogs that are sensitive to their local environment have become powerful tools for investigating nucleic acids structure, dynamics, recognition and damage. Our criteria for "ideal" fluorescent nucleoside analogs include: (a) high structural similarity to the native nucleobases to faithfully mimic their size and shape, as well as hybridization and recognition properties; (b) red shifted absorption (> 290 nm) to minimize overlap with the absorption of the natural bases; (c) red shifted emission (preferably in the visible range); (d) reasonable emission quantum efficiency; and, importantly, (e) sensitivity/responsiveness of one or all photophysical parameters (λem and/or ΦF, τ) to changes in the probe's microenvironment. The design and synthesis of new fluorescent isosteric nucleobase analogs and their utilization for the fabrication of "real-time" fluorescence-based discovery and detection assays are outlined.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7576, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications II, 75761C (16 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.840086
Show Author Affiliations
Yitzhak Tor, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7576:
Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications II
Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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