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Proceedings Paper

Overlay improvement by ASML HOWA 5th alignment strategy
Author(s): Raf Wang; CY Chiang; Wilson Hsu; Richer Yang; Todd Shih; Jackie Chen; Jonathan Chiu; Wythe Lin
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Paper Abstract

Overlay control is more challenging when DRAM volume production continues to shrink its critical dimention (CD) to 70nm and beyond. Effected by process, the overlay behavior at wafer edge is quite different from wafer center. The big contribution to worse overlay at wafer edge which causes yield loss is misalignment. The analysis in wafer edge suggests that high order uncorrectable overlay residuals are often observed by certain process impact. Therefore, the basic linear model used for alignment correction is not sufficient and it is necessary to introduce an advanced alignment correction model for wafer edge overlay improvement. In this study, we demonstrated the achievement of moderating the poor overlay at wafer edge area by using a high order wafer alignment strategy. The mechanism is to use non-linear correction methods of high order models ( up to 5th order), with support by the function High Order Wafer Alignment (known as HOWA) in scanner. Instead of linear model for the 6 overlay parameters which come from average result, HOWA alignment strategy can do high order fitting through the wafer to get more accurate overlay parameters which represent the local wafer grid distortion better. As a result, the overlay improvement for wafer edge is achieved. Since alignment is a wafer dependent correction, with HOWA the wafer to wafer overlay variation can be improved dynamically as well. In addition, the effects of different mark quantity and sampling distribution from HOWA are also introduced in this paper. The results of this study indicate that HOWA can reduce uncorrectable overlay residual by 30~40% and improve wafer-to-wafer overlay variation significantly. We conclude that HOWA is a noteworthy strategy for overlay improvement. Moreover, optimized alignment mark numbers and distribution layout are also key factors to make HOWA successful.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 December 2009
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 7520, Lithography Asia 2009, 752023 (12 December 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.839816
Show Author Affiliations
Raf Wang, Inotera Memories Inc. (Taiwan)
CY Chiang, Inotera Memories Inc. (Taiwan)
Wilson Hsu, Inotera Memories Inc. (Taiwan)
Richer Yang, Inotera Memories Inc. (Taiwan)
Todd Shih, Inotera Memories Inc. (Taiwan)
Jackie Chen, ASML Taiwan Ltd. (Taiwan)
Jonathan Chiu, ASML Taiwan Ltd. (Taiwan)
Wythe Lin, ASML Taiwan Ltd. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7520:
Lithography Asia 2009
Alek C. Chen; Woo-Sung Han; Burn J. Lin; Anthony Yen, Editor(s)

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