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Proceedings Paper

Application of generalized regression neural network residual kriging for terrain surface interpolation
Author(s): Fucheng Liu; Xuezhao He; Li Zhou
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Paper Abstract

Spatial interpolation techniques are a powerful tool for generating visually continuous surfaces from scattered point data, and the accuracy of interpolation determines the practical values of interpolating surfaces. As the variation of surface elevation is nonlinear, the conventional spatial interpolation models implemented in many GIS packages sometime cannot provide appreciate interpolation accuracy for certain application due to their nature of linear estimation. In this paper, a method of generalized regression neural network residual kriging (GRNNRK) was presented for terrain surface interpolation. The GRNNRK was a two-step algorithm. The first step included estimating the overall nonlinear spatial structures by generalized regression neural network (GRNN), and the second step was the analysis of the stationary residuals by ordinary kriging. And the final estimates were produced as a sum of GRNN estimates and ordinary kriging estimates of residuals. To test performance of GRNNRK, a total of 1089 scattered elevation data got from 28.86 km2 area were split into independent training data set (200) and validation data set (889), and the training data set was modeled for terrain surface interpolation using ordinary kriging and GRNNRK, respectively, while the validation data set was used to test their accuracies. The results showed that GRNNRK could achieve better accuracy than kriging for interpolating surfaces. Therefore, GRNNRK was an efficient alternative to the conventional spatial interpolation models usually used for scattered data interpolation in terrain surface interpolation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7492, International Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining, 74925F (16 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.837425
Show Author Affiliations
Fucheng Liu, Huaihai Institute of Technology (China)
Xuezhao He, Huaihai Institute of Technology (China)
Li Zhou, Huaihai Institute of Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7492:
International Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining
Yaolin Liu; Xinming Tang, Editor(s)

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