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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of a space spectrograph main frame and frequency response analysis of the frame
Author(s): Xin-yu Zhang; Zhi-yuan Chen; Shi-mo Yang
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Paper Abstract

A space spectrograph main structure is optimized and examined in order to satisfy the space operational needs. The space spectrograph will be transported into its operational orbit by the launch vehicle and it will undergo dynamic environment in the spacecraft injection period. The unexpected shocks may cause declination of observation accuracy and even equipment damages. The main frame is one of the most important parts because its mechanical performance has great influence on the operational life of the spectrograph, accuracy of observation, etc. For the reason of cost reduction and stability confirming, lower weight and higher structure stiffness of the frame are simultaneously required. Structure optimization was conducted considering the initial design modal analysis results. The base modal frequency raised 10.34% while the whole weight lowered 8.63% compared to the initial design. The purpose of this study is to analyze the new design of main frame mechanical properties and verify whether it can satisfy strict optical demands under the dynamic impact during spacecraft injection. For realizing and forecasting the frequency response characteristics of the main structure in mechanical environment experiment, dynamic analysis of the structure should be performed simulating impulse loads from the bottom base. Therefore, frequency response analysis (FRA) of the frame was then performed using the FEA software MSC.PATRAN/NASTRAN. Results of shock response spectrum (SRS) responses from the base excitations were given. Stress and acceleration dynamic responses of essential positions in the spacecraft injection course were also calculated and spectrometer structure design was examined considering stiffness / strength demands. In this simulation, maximum stresses of Cesic material in two acceleration application cases are 45.1 and 74.1 MPa, respectively. They are all less than yield strengths. As is demonstrated from the simulation, strength reservation of the frame is adequate, but amplitudes of some key positions' dynamic responses are numerically too high. It need be emphasized in the next stage of design and experimental research.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 August 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7385, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Terahertz and High Energy Radiation Detection Technologies and Applications, 73850C (4 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.836591
Show Author Affiliations
Xin-yu Zhang, National Astronomical Observatories (China)
Graduate Univ. of CAS (China)
Zhi-yuan Chen, National Astronomical Observatories (China)
Shi-mo Yang, National Astronomical Observatories (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7385:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Terahertz and High Energy Radiation Detection Technologies and Applications
X.-C. Zhang; James M. Ryan; Cun-lin Zhang; Chuan-xiang Tang, Editor(s)

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