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Proceedings Paper

The improved scintillation crystal lead tungstate scintillation for PET
Author(s): Youbao Wan; Rurong WU; Linrong Xiao; Jianxin Zhang; Peizhi Yang; Hui Yan
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Paper Abstract

As a valuable material for the detecting of γ-ray, PbWO4 and BaF2:PbWO4 crystals were grown by a novel multi-crucible temperature gradient system developed by ourselves. Utilizing a topical partial heating method, this system can form a topical partial high temperature in its hearth. Thus this system could melt raw materials in step by step as requirement. The advantage of this method is that there would be solid obstruct left on the melt in the procedure of the crystal growing up. The left obstruct could prevent the volatilization of the component in the melt. Hence it is helpful for the composition homogenization in the crystal. The system also offers a sustaining device for multi-crucibles and thus it can grow many crystals simultaneity. The optical properties and scintillation properties of the crystals were studied. The results reveal that the ions doping improves the scintillation properties of the crystal. The transmittance spectra show that the transmittance of BaF2:PbWO4 crystals are better than that of PbWO4 crystals. For the PbWO4 crystals, their absorption edge is at 325nm, and their maximum transmittance is 68%. For the BaF2:PbWO4 crystals, their absorption edge is at 325nm and their maximum transmittance is upto76%. The X-ray excited luminescence spectra shows that the luminescence peak is at 420nm for the samples of PbWO4 crystal while the peak is at 430nm for the samples of BaF2:PbWO4 crystal respectively. The luminescence intensity of the samples of BaF2:PbWO4 crystal is about two times than that of PbWO4 crystal. And their peak shape is different for the two kind of crystal. The light yield of BaF2:PbWO4 crystals is about 2.9 times than that of PbWO4 crystal Analyzing these scintillation properties, we find that the VPb 3+ and VO- defects do harm for the optical properties of the crystal. Ions doping method could reduce the defect concentration and improving its illumination performance of the crystal. Specially, the doped F- ions in O2- site can induce the aberrance of the [WO4]2- tetrahedron and form [WO3F]- tetrahedron which has more active blue light yield, thus improve the light yield of the crystal. The improved light yield of BaF2:PbWO4 crystals is valuable for the medical diagnosing instrument PET and CT with high resolving power

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 August 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7385, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Terahertz and High Energy Radiation Detection Technologies and Applications, 738514 (5 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.835583
Show Author Affiliations
Youbao Wan, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)
Jiaxing Univ. (China)
Rurong WU, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)
Linrong Xiao, Jiaxing Univ. (China)
Jianxin Zhang, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)
Peizhi Yang, Jiaxing Univ. (China)
Hui Yan, Zhejiang Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7385:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Terahertz and High Energy Radiation Detection Technologies and Applications
X.-C. Zhang; James M. Ryan; Cun-lin Zhang; Chuan-xiang Tang, Editor(s)

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