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Proceedings Paper

A review of ultra-short pulse lasers for military remote sensing and rangefinding
Author(s): Robert A. Lamb
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Paper Abstract

Advances in ultra-short pulse laser technology have resulted in commercially available laser systems capable of generating high peak powers >1GW in tabletop systems. This opens the prospect of generating very wide spectral emissions with a combination of non-linear optical effects in photonic crystal fibres to produce supercontinuua in systems that are readily accessible to military applications. However, military remote sensing rarely requires bandwidths spanning two octaves and it is clear that efficient systems require controlled spectral emission in relevant bands. Furthermore, the limited spectral responsivity of focal plane arrays may impose further restriction on the usable spectrum. A recent innovation which temporally encodes a spectrum using group velocity dispersion allows detection with a photodiode, opening the prospect for high speed hyperspectral sensing and imaging. At the opposite end of the power spectrum, ultra-low power remote sensing using time-correlated single photon counting (SPC) has reduced the laser power requirement and demonstrated remote sensing over 5km during daylight with repetition rates of ~10MHz with ps pulses. Recent research has addressed uncorrelated SPC and waveform transmission to increase data rates for absolute rangefinding whilst avoiding range aliasing. This achievement opens the prospect of combining SPC with high repetition rate temporal encoding of supercontinuua to realise practical hyperspectral remote sensing lidar. The talk will present an overview of these technologies and present a concept which combines them into a single system for high-speed hyperspectral imaging and remote sensing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 September 2009
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 7483, Technologies for Optical Countermeasures VI, 748308 (25 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.835440
Show Author Affiliations
Robert A. Lamb, SELEX GALILEO (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7483:
Technologies for Optical Countermeasures VI
David H. Titterton; Mark A. Richardson, Editor(s)

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