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Proceedings Paper

Research and development of infrared object detection system based on FPGA
Author(s): Jianhui Zhao; Jianwei He; Pengpeng Wang; Fan Li
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Paper Abstract

Infrared object detection is an important technique of digital image processing. It is widely used in automatic navigation, intelligent video surveillance systems, traffic detection, medical image processing etc. Infrared object detection system requires large storage and high speed processing technology. The current development trend is the system which can be achieved by hardware in real-time with fewer operations and higher performance. As a main large-scale programmable specific integrated circuit, field programmable gate array (FPGA) can meet all the requirements of high speed image processing, with the characteristics of simple algorithm realization, easy programming, good portability and inheritability. So it could get better result by using FPGA to infrared object detection system. According to the requirements, the infrared object detection system is designed on FPGA. By analyzing some of the main algorithms of object detection, two new object detection algorithms called integral compare algorithm (ICA) and gradual approach centroid algorithm (GACA) are presented. The system design applying FPGA in hardware can implement high speed processing technology, which brings the advantage of both performance and flexibility. ICA is a new type of denoising algorithm with advantage of lower computation complexity and less execution time. What is more important is that this algorithm can be implemented in FPGA expediently. Base on image preprocessing of ICA, GACA brings high positioning precision with advantage of insensitivity to the initial value and fewer times of convergence iteration. The experiments indicate that the infrared object detection system can implement high speed infrared object detecting in real-time, with high antijamming ability and high precision. The progress of Verilog-HDL and its architecture are introduced in this paper. Considering the engineering application, this paper gives the particular design idea and the flow of this method's realization in FPGA device. And we also discuss the problems on how to describe the hardware system in Verilog-HDL. Based on the hardware architecture of infrared object detection system, the component units of the system are discussed in detail, such as image data acquisition unit, data pre-processing unit and logical control unit etc. The design of the FPGA function and its implementation are carried on Verilog-HDL with TOP-DOWN method. The ending is the prospect of the project.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 August 2009
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7384, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications, 738410 (6 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.835114
Show Author Affiliations
Jianhui Zhao, Beihang Univ. (China)
Jianwei He, Beihang Univ. (China)
Pengpeng Wang, Beihang Univ. (China)
Fan Li, Beihang Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7384:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications
Kun Zhang; Xiang-jun Wang; Guang-jun Zhang; Ke-cong Ai, Editor(s)

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