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Proceedings Paper

The calibration of faint simulation star magnitude based on single photon count technique
Author(s): Xin-ji Gan; Jin Guo; Shu-yan Xu
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Paper Abstract

A calibration method of faint star magnitude of the star scene simulation device is proposed in this paper. In the research of simulation star magnitude, luminometers and CCD devices are the general calibration devices which are used to measure the illumination intensity and calibrate its magnitude. But if the simulation magnitude is only sixth magnitude, its illumination intensity is only 1.0x10-8 Lux. This illumination intensity level is the lowest illumination intensity that the commercial luminometer can detect. Hence the simulation star magnitude lower than six magnitude cannot be calibrated by luminoters. Likewise CCD devices also need an additive cooler in this case. When the single photon characteristic is presented due to the low luminosity of simulating light sources, the simulation star magnitude can be calibrated by detecting its photon flux of radiation with the method of single photon count. In this paper the detection principle of single photon based on a compact designed PMT detecting of the radiation level of simulation star magnitude is advanced. Especially a spectrum match method is proved theoretically to be an effective means for selecting PMT photosensitive type. In the case of the detection object of the simulation star in visible wavelength, a analysis indicates that the material of tri-alkali cathode materials its best choice after being compared the Signal-to-Noise of photon detector of several PMT photosensitive materials based on the different spectrum match ratio of different object light sources and different cathode materials. An experiment is employed to show the relationship of control voltage of PMT and its dark counte, the relationship of the environment temperature of PMT and its dark counter, which proves its only decades of CPS at room temperature. The so low dark counter avoids a bulky cooler and is convenient for installing it on the star scene simulation equipment. Finally in the experiment of calibrating the simulation star magnitudes the ability of its calibration is confirmed to reaches up to 12m, meanwhile its calibration error is within ±0.2m.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 August 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7384, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications, 738407 (6 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.833663
Show Author Affiliations
Xin-ji Gan, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)
Beihua Univ. (China)
Jin Guo, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)
Shu-yan Xu, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7384:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications
Kun Zhang; Xiang-jun Wang; Guang-jun Zhang; Ke-cong Ai, Editor(s)

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