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Proceedings Paper

All-fiber double-balanced laser coherent detection system
Author(s): Zhao-hua Meng; Guang-lie Hong; Rong Shu; Yi-hua Hu
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Paper Abstract

Laser coherent detection makes use of the coherence of laser to pick up weak laser signal by an optical LO (local oscillator) signal. Compared to direct detection, coherent detection has higher sensitivity and could get the frequency difference between incident signal and LO. Traditional coherent detection systems are composed of free space optical components; the systems were complicated and hard to adjust. We built an all-fiber MOPA heterodyne laser detection system by DFB laser, AO frequency Shifter, polarization beam splitters, polarization maintaining couplers and balanced photo receivers. Because the coherence of laser beams is relative to the alignment of polarizations states, our system uses double-balanced structure. The balanced detection structure greatly reduces the relative intensity noise of the LO. In the article, the theory of coherent detection and the double balanced coherent detection are presented; the design of detection electronic circuits is also discussed. The high coherent efficiency of fiber-optic detection system and high sensitivity of coherent detection are proved by experiment. Some problems caused by fiber optics are also introduced.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 August 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7382, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Laser Sensing and Imaging, 73822F (28 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.833597
Show Author Affiliations
Zhao-hua Meng, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)
Guang-lie Hong, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)
Rong Shu, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)
Yi-hua Hu, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7382:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Laser Sensing and Imaging
Farzin Amzajerdian; Chun-qing Gao; Tian-yu Xie, Editor(s)

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