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Proceedings Paper

Possibilities of reflectance spectra data for the assessment of soil potassium concentration
Author(s): Lu Wang; Yunxuan Zhou; Qizhong Lin; Yongming Xu
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents the possibilities of extracting total potassium concentration in topsoil from Visible-near-infrared (VNIR) spectra and reflectance of image data. Stepwise multiple linear regression (SMLR) and partial least-square regression (PLSR) were used to select wavelengths which were highly correlated with the concentration of potassium. For spectral measurements (from 400nm to 2480nm, at 2 nm increments) and chemical analyses, 70 topsoil (0~20 cm) samples were collected in Tianjin City, North of China. Three methodologies of the reflectance spectra of topsoil samples were employed: derivative reflectance spectra (FDR), inverse-log spectra (log (1/R)) and band depth (Depth). According to the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP), the best model was picked up. The optimal experiential model (R=0.73, RMSEP=1.33) was achieved by PLSR method with parameter- log (1/R). Based on these credible results, space distribution map of soil potassium concentration of Tianjin was drawn by ETM+ image. The coefficient showed that the first and second bands of ETM were important for soil potassium concentration prediction. The potassium concentration of seaboard is higher than that of inland area. Good prediction performance indicates that VNIR spectra are potentially useful for rapid estimation of potassium concentration in topsoil, and inverse-log spectra (log (1/R)) are the best parameter for prediction. Even the image data can be used for soil potassium concentration extraction and the influences of the atmosphere and proper pre-processing are very important to prediction precision.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 October 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7498, MIPPR 2009: Remote Sensing and GIS Data Processing and Other Applications, 749858 (30 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.832738
Show Author Affiliations
Lu Wang, East China Normal Univ. (China)
Yunxuan Zhou, East China Normal Univ. (China)
Qizhong Lin, Ctr. for Earth Observation and Digital Earth (China)
Yongming Xu, Nanjing Univ. of Information Science and Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7498:
MIPPR 2009: Remote Sensing and GIS Data Processing and Other Applications
Faxiong Zhang; Faxiong Zhang, Editor(s)

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