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Proceedings Paper

Improved near field lithography by surface plasmon resonance
Author(s): Beibei Zeng; Yanhui Zhao; Liang Fang; Changtao Wang; Xiangang Luo
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Paper Abstract

Conventionally, the finest pattern obtained in optical lithography is determined by wavelength and numerical aperture of optical system, due to diffraction effect. This principle delivers theoretical obstacles for nano lithography using conventional light source, like Hg lamp. According to theory, this obstacle can be circumvented with near field lithography (NFL) technique, just by confining the mask and photo resist into sub-wavelength dimensions. Sub-wavelength patterns with features down to 100nm can be realized in the NFL, as demonstrated numerically and experimentally in many papers. One obvious problem associated with NFL is that low efficiency in the lithography process, since it is difficult to transmit through sub-wavelength scaled apertures in the mask. This usually results in the deleterious effect to the patterns on photo resist. In this paper, we demonstrate that the extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) effect helps to solve this problem. It is found that noble metal, instead of chromium, usually gives much greater transmission when employed as mask material. The enhancement is contributed to resonant excitation of surface plasmon mode. Further, the transmission can be enhanced by appropriately design of patterns. The polarization of illumination light affects lithography efficiency as well. As illustrative examples, mask patterns like lines group, grating structure and holes array are designed and simulated with greatly improved lithography efficiency. This method is believed to have potential applications in nano lithography.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2009
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 7284, 4th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Design, Manufacturing, and Testing of Micro- and Nano-Optical Devices and Systems, 728412 (18 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.832097
Show Author Affiliations
Beibei Zeng, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Yanhui Zhao, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Liang Fang, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Changtao Wang, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Xiangang Luo, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7284:
4th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Design, Manufacturing, and Testing of Micro- and Nano-Optical Devices and Systems
Sen Han; Masaomi Kameyama; Xiangang Luo, Editor(s)

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