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Proceedings Paper

Dynamic and interaction of fs-laser induced cavitation bubbles for analyzing the cutting effect
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Paper Abstract

A prominent laser based treatment in ophthalmology is the LASIK procedure which nowadays includes a cutting of the corneal tissue based on ultra short pulses. Focusing an ultra short laser pulse below the surface of biological tissue an optical breakdown is caused and hence a dissection is obtained. The laser energy of the laser pulses is absorbed by nonlinear processes. As a result a cavitation bubble expands and ruptures the tissue. Hence positioning of several optical breakdowns side by side generates an incision. Due to a reduction of the duration of the treatment the current development of ultra short laser systems points to higher repetition rates in the range of hundreds of KHz or even MHz instead of tens of kHz. This in turn results in a probable occurrence of interaction between different optical breakdowns and respectively cavitation bubbles of adjacent optical breakdowns. While the interaction of one single laser pulse with biological tissue is analyzed reasonably well experimentally and theoretically, the interaction of several spatial and temporal following pulses is scarcely determined yet. Thus the aim of this study is to analyse the dynamic and interaction of two cavitation bubbles by using high speed photography. The applied laser pulse energy, the energy ratio and the spot distance between different cavitation bubbles were varied. Depending on a change of these parameters different kinds of interactions such as a flattening and deformation of bubble shape or jet formation are observed. Based on these results a further research seems to be inevitable to comprehend and optimize the cutting effect of ultra short pulse laser systems with high (> 1 MHz) repetition rates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 July 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7373, Therapeutic Laser Applications and Laser-Tissue Interactions IV, 73730L (17 July 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.831896
Show Author Affiliations
N. Tinne, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
S. Schumacher, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
V. Nuzzo, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
T. Ripken, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
H. Lubatschowski, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7373:
Therapeutic Laser Applications and Laser-Tissue Interactions IV
Ronald Sroka; Lothar D. Lilge, Editor(s)

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