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Proceedings Paper

Sensitivity analysis on the relationship between vegetation growth and multi-polarized radar data
Author(s): F. Capodici; G. La Loggia; G. D'Urso; A. Maltese; G. Ciraolo
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Paper Abstract

Spatially distributed soil moisture is required for watershed applications such as drought and flood prediction, crop irrigation scheduling, etc. In particular, an accurate assessment of the spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture is necessary to improve the predictive capability of runoff models, and for improving and validating hydrological processes forecasting. In recent years, several models have been developed in order to retrieve soil moisture using RADAR data. However, these models need precise prior knowledge about surface roughness. Within this framework, the present research aims to investigate the capabilities of multi polarimetric RADAR images to overcome the use of in situ data for surface roughness assessment. The research is carried out on a 24 km² test-site of DEMMIN (Görmin farm), Mecklenburg Vorpommern, in the North-East of Germany approximately 150 km north from Berlin. Data were acquired within ESA-funded project AgriSAR 2006 between April and July 2006. Images used include L-band in HH, VV and HV polarizations acquired from the airborne sensor E-SAR system operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt - DLR). Two models have been coupled in order to obtain a rms Surface Roughness Index (rSRI) that is related to terrain physical characteristics as well as vegetation surface properties. These are the PSEM (Polarimetric Semi-Empirical Model) published by Oh et al. in 2002 and a semi empirical model developed by Dubois in 1995. A finite difference iterative solution allowed rSRI retrieval without the use of in situ data. Results have been compared both with in situ rms roughness over bare soil and with Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) obtained from Airborne Hyperspectral Scanner (AHS) optical images collected over the whole phenological cycle. They show a good agreement with bare soil in situ data, describing its whole range of variability well, and moreover the NDVI vs. rSRI relationship seems similar to that occurring between NDVI and Leaf Area Index (LAI) for most crop types meaning that rSRI can be considered as LAI look like.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7472, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XI, 74720S (18 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.830304
Show Author Affiliations
F. Capodici, Univ. degli Studi di Palermo (Italy)
G. La Loggia, Univ. degli Studi di Palermo (Italy)
G. D'Urso, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
A. Maltese, Univ. degli Studi di Palermo (Italy)
G. Ciraolo, Univ. degli Studi di Palermo (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7472:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XI
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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