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Proceedings Paper

MODIS thermal emissive band calibration stability derived from surface targets
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Paper Abstract

The 16 MODIS Thermal Emissive Bands (TEB), with wavelengths covering from 3.7μm to 14.4μm, are calibrated using scan-by-scan observations of an on-orbit blackbody (BB). Select Earth surface targets can be used to track the long-term consistency, stability and relative bias between the two MODIS instruments currently in orbit. Measurements at Dome C, Antarctica have shown a relative bias of less than 0.01K over a 5 year period between Terra and Aqua MODIS Band 31 (11μm). Dome C surface temperatures are typically outside the MODIS BB calibration range. Sea surface temperature (SST) measurements from data buoys provide a useful reference at higher scene temperatures. This paper extends the techniques previously applied only to Band 31 to the remaining TEB using both Dome C and SST sites. The long-term calibration stability and relative bias between Terra and Aqua MODIS is discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7474, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIII, 74740W (23 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.830081
Show Author Affiliations
B. N. Wenny, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
X. Xiong, NASA/GSFC (United States)
J. Dodd, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7474:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIII
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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