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Proceedings Paper

Semi-automated ontology generation and evolution
Author(s): Anthony P. Stirtzinger; Craig S. Anken
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Paper Abstract

Extending the notion of data models or object models, ontology can provide rich semantic definition not only to the meta-data but also to the instance data of domain knowledge, making these semantic definitions available in machine readable form. However, the generation of an effective ontology is a difficult task involving considerable labor and skill. This paper discusses an Ontology Generation and Evolution Processor (OGEP) aimed at automating this process, only requesting user input when un-resolvable ambiguous situations occur. OGEP directly attacks the main barrier which prevents automated (or self learning) ontology generation: the ability to understand the meaning of artifacts and the relationships the artifacts have to the domain space. OGEP leverages existing lexical to ontological mappings in the form of WordNet, and Suggested Upper Merged Ontology (SUMO) integrated with a semantic pattern-based structure referred to as the Semantic Grounding Mechanism (SGM) and implemented as a Corpus Reasoner. The OGEP processing is initiated by a Corpus Parser performing a lexical analysis of the corpus, reading in a document (or corpus) and preparing it for processing by annotating words and phrases. After the Corpus Parser is done, the Corpus Reasoner uses the parts of speech output to determine the semantic meaning of a word or phrase. The Corpus Reasoner is the crux of the OGEP system, analyzing, extrapolating, and evolving data from free text into cohesive semantic relationships. The Semantic Grounding Mechanism provides a basis for identifying and mapping semantic relationships. By blending together the WordNet lexicon and SUMO ontological layout, the SGM is given breadth and depth in its ability to extrapolate semantic relationships between domain entities. The combination of all these components results in an innovative approach to user assisted semantic-based ontology generation. This paper will describe the OGEP technology in the context of the architectural components referenced above and identify a potential technology transition path to Scott AFB's Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC) which serves as the Air Operations Center (AOC) for the Air Mobility Command (AMC).

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7347, Evolutionary and Bio-Inspired Computation: Theory and Applications III, 734706 (29 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.827665
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony P. Stirtzinger, Securboration Corp. (United States)
Craig S. Anken, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7347:
Evolutionary and Bio-Inspired Computation: Theory and Applications III
Teresa H. O'Donnell; Misty Blowers; Kevin L. Priddy, Editor(s)

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