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Proceedings Paper

Using collective x-ray Thomson scattering to measure temperature and density of warm dense matter
Author(s): T. Döppner; P. F. Davis; A. L. Kritcher; O. L. Landen; H. J. Lee; S. P. Regan; S. H. Glenzer
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Paper Abstract

Collective x-ray Thomson scattering allows measuring plasmons, i.e electron plasma oscillations (Langmuir waves). This is manifest in the appearance of spectrally up- and down-shifted spectral features in addition to the Rayleigh signal. The ratio of the up- and down-shifted signals is directly related to detailed balance, allowing to determine the plasma temperature from first principles. The spectral shift of the plasmon signals is sensitive to temperature and electron density. We discuss the experimental considerations that have to be fulfilled to observe plasmon signals with x-ray Thomson scattering. As an example, we describe an experiment that used the Cl Ly-α x-ray line at 2.96 keV to measure collective Thomson scattering from solid beryllium, isochorically heated to 18 eV. Since temperature measurement based on detailed balance is based on first principles, this method is important to validate models that, for example, calculate the static ion-ion structure factor Sii(k).

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 September 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7451, Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, 74510H (28 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.825395
Show Author Affiliations
T. Döppner, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
P. F. Davis, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
A. L. Kritcher, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
O. L. Landen, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
H. J. Lee, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
S. P. Regan, Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
S. H. Glenzer, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7451:
Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII
James Dunn; Gregory J. Tallents, Editor(s)

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