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Proceedings Paper

Laser-induced preferential domain nucleation in hafnium-doped congruent LiNbO3 crystal
Author(s): Peipei Hou; Ya'nan Zhi; Aimin Yan; Jianfeng Sun; Yu Zhou; Zhu Luan; Liren Liu
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Paper Abstract

The instantaneous preferential domain nucleation effect of the z-cut hafnium-doped congruent LiNbO3 crystal is investigated. The beam from an Ar-ion laser with 514 nm wavelength is focused on z surface. Two incidence schemes are performed: (1) irradiating near and focusing on the +z surface; (2) irradiating near and focusing on the -z surface. The digital holographic interferometry is used in investigating the visible laser-induced domain nucleation in hafnium-doped congruent LiNbO3 crystal, and reconstructs the phase shift of new domain. From the investigation of phase shift induced by the domain inversion, the analysis of domain nucleation is performed. When the electric field exceeds a certain threshold value, the preferential domain nucleation is achieved instantaneously at the focal spot during the combined actions of irradiation and external fields. The nucleation fields have a systematic decrease with increasing laser intensity, and reach an effective saturation at higher intensities. The reduction proportions obtained in the second scheme are lower than those in the first one with the same intensity, and the saturation values at higher intensities are the same in both schemes. We attribute the instantaneous effect of laser-induced domain nucleation to the space charge field, and the saturation value at higher intensities is related to the saturation of the space charge field. The formation of instantaneous effect and corresponding physical explanation based on space charge field are present.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7420, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications III, 74200W (21 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.824677
Show Author Affiliations
Peipei Hou, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Ya'nan Zhi, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Aimin Yan, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Jianfeng Sun, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Yu Zhou, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Zhu Luan, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Liren Liu, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7420:
Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications III
Shizhuo Yin; Ruyan Guo, Editor(s)

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