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Proceedings Paper

Anti-tumor effects on the combination of photodynamic therapy with arsenic compound in TC-1 cells implanted C57BL/6 mice
Author(s): Kyu Wan Lee; Lan Ying Wen; Su Mi Bae; Choong Hak Park; Woo Kyu Jeon; Doo Yun Lee; Woong Shick Ahn
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Paper Abstract

The effects of As4O6 were studied as adjuvant on photodynamic therapy. As4O6 is considered to have anticancer activity via several biological actions such as free radical producing and inhibition of VEGF expression. In vitro experiments, cell proliferation and morphology were determined by MTT assay. Also, quantitative PCR array was performed to study the synergetic mechanism. Additionally, this study was supported by the finding that combination of photodynamic therapy and As4O6 shows an inhibition effect of tumor growth in C57BL/6 mice with TC-1 cells xenographs in vivo. Radachlorin and As4O6 significantly inhibited TC-1 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Antiproliferative effect of combination treatment was significantly higher than those of TC-1 cells treated with either photodynamic therapy or As4O6 (62.4 and 52.5% decrease, respectively, compared to photodynamic therapy or As4O6 alone, P < 0.05). In addition, cell proliferation in combination of photodynamic therapy and As4O6 treatment significantly decreased by 77.4% compared to vehicle-only treated TC-1 cells (P < 0.05). Cell survival pathway (Naip1, Tert and Aip1) and p53-dependent pathway (Bax, p21Cip1, Fas, Gadd45, IGFBP-3 and Mdm-2) were markedly increased by combination treatment of photodynamic therapy and As4O6. Besides, the immunology response NEAT pathway (Ly- 12, CD178 and IL-2) also modulated after combination treatment of photodynamic therapy and As4O6. This combination effect apparently shows a same pattern in vivo model. These findings suggest the benefit of the combination treatment of photodynamic therapy and As4O6 for the inhibition of cervical cancer growth.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 July 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7380, Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future, 738041 (13 July 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.824239
Show Author Affiliations
Kyu Wan Lee, Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Lan Ying Wen, The Catholic Univ. of Korea (Korea, Republic of)
Su Mi Bae, The Catholic Univ. of Korea (Korea, Republic of)
Choong Hak Park, Dankook Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Woo Kyu Jeon, Samsung Medical Ctr. (Korea, Republic of)
Doo Yun Lee, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Woong Shick Ahn, The Catholic Univ. of Korea (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7380:
Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future
David H. Kessel, Editor(s)

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