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Proceedings Paper

Optical autocovariance direct detection lidar for simultaneous wind, aerosol, and chemistry profiling from ground, air, and space platforms
Author(s): Christian J. Grund; James Howell; Robert Pierce; Michelle Stephens
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Paper Abstract

Optical Autocovariance Wind Lidar (OAWL) is a new direct-detection interferometric Doppler lidar approach that inherently enables simultaneous acquisition of multiple-wavelength High Spectral Resolution Lidar calibrated aerosol profiles (OA-HSRL). Unlike other coherent and direct detection Doppler systems, the receiver is self referencing; no specific optical frequency lock is required between the receiver and transmitter. This property facilitates frequency-agile modalities such as DIAL. Because UV laser wavelengths are accommodated, a single transmitter can simultaneously support winds, Raman, fluorescence, DIAL, and HSRL receiver channels, each sampling identical spatial and temporal volumes. LOS species flux measurements are acquired without the usual spatial and temporal sampling errors (or cost, volume, mass, power, and logistical issues) incurred by separate lidar systems, or lidars in combination with other remote or in-situ sensors. A proof of concept (POC) OAWL system has been built and demonstrated at Ball, and OAHSRL POC is in progress. A robust multi-wavelength, field-widened OAWL/OA-HSRL system is under development with planned airborne demonstration from a WB-57 in late 2010. Detailed radiometric and dynamic models have been developed to predict performance in both airborne and space borne scenarios. OA theory, development, demonstration status, advantages, limitations, space and airborne performance, and combined measurement synergies are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7312, Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies VI, 73120U (30 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.824204
Show Author Affiliations
Christian J. Grund, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)
James Howell, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)
Robert Pierce, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)
Michelle Stephens, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7312:
Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies VI
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Robert A. Lieberman; Günter Gauglitz, Editor(s)

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