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Proceedings Paper

Modulation of COX2 and hTERT expression by photodynamic therapy in human colon cancer cells
Author(s): Christine Li Miu Ngan Yow; Ellie Shihng Meir Chu
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Paper Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) was employed as a cancer therapy with photosensitizer (PS)-loaded cancer cells, eradicated by the reactive oxygen species after light activation. Cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX2) is an enzyme expressed in 80% of colon adenocarcinoma and is one of the targets for effective cancer treatment. There is also uprising evidence that the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), a catalytic component of telomerase, is reported as a promising indicator for monitoring cancer treatment. In this study, NPe6 mediated PDT on COX2 induced apoptosis in HT-29 was investigated. The cell cycle changes was analysed by flow cytometry and the hTERT expression at pre and post PDT was evaluated at transcription level by Taqman real time PCR. NPe6-PDT in HT-29 cells demonstrated anti-proliferating effect in a drug and light dose dependent manner. LD50 was achieved at 16μg/mL and 2J/cm2 at 4 hour-post treatment with a significant down-regulation of COX2 expression at LD30 and LD50 by immunohistochemical staining (IHC) (p<0.05, One-Way ANOVA). Membrane blebbing was detected in over 60% of cells. 35.2% of treated cells arrested in S-phase at LD50 after 24 hours by flow cytometry. A 0.25- and 0.6-fold down-regulation of hTERT mRNA expression was achieved at LD30 and LD50 respectively by TaqMan real-time PCR. To summarize, NPe6 mediated PDT down-regulated COX2 expression and triggered cell apoptosis. The hTERT can serve as an indicative marker for monitoring NPe6-PDT cancer treatment efficacy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 July 2009
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7380, Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future, 738065 (13 July 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.823084
Show Author Affiliations
Christine Li Miu Ngan Yow, The Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ. (Hong Kong, China)
Ellie Shihng Meir Chu, The Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ. (Hong Kong, China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7380:
Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future
David H. Kessel, Editor(s)

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