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Proceedings Paper

Pathogenic ecology: Where have all the pathogens gone? Anthrax: a classic case
Author(s): Johnathan Kiel; Wes W. Walker; Carrie J. Andrews; Amy De Los Santos; Roy N. Adams; Matthew W. Bucholz; Shelly D. McBurnett; Vladimir Fuentes; Karon E. Rizner; Keith W. Blount
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Paper Abstract

Pathogenic ecology is the natural relationship to animate and inanimate components of the environment that support the sustainment of a pathogen in the environment or prohibit its sustainment, or their interactions with an introduced pathogen that allow for the establishment of disease in a new environment. The anthrax bacterium in the spore form has been recognized as a highly likely biological warfare or terrorist agent. The purpose of this work was to determine the environmental reservoir of Bacillus anthracis between outbreaks of anthrax and to examine the potential factors influencing the conversion of the Bacillus anthracis from a quiescent state to the disease causing state. Here we provide environmental and laboratory data for the cycling of Bacillus anthracis in plants to reconcile observations that contradict the soil borne hypothesis of anthrax maintenance in the environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7304, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing X, 730402 (4 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.821920
Show Author Affiliations
Johnathan Kiel, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Wes W. Walker, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Carrie J. Andrews, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Amy De Los Santos, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Roy N. Adams, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Matthew W. Bucholz, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Shelly D. McBurnett, Conceptual MindWorks, Inc. (United States)
Vladimir Fuentes, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Karon E. Rizner, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Keith W. Blount, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7304:
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing X
Augustus W. Fountain; Patrick J. Gardner, Editor(s)

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