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Proceedings Paper

Enabling deposition of hard x-ray reflective coatings as an industrial manufacturing process
Author(s): Denis Garoli; Enrico Boscolo Marchi; Valentina Mattarello; Juri Bertoli; Guido Salmaso; Jacques Kools; Daniele Spiga; Giampiero Tagliaferri; Giovanni Pareschi
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Paper Abstract

Depth-graded multilayer structures are widely considered as the preferred technology for the next generation of hard Xray telescopes operating in the spectral range up to several tens of keV. This contrasts to earlier generation telescopes which operated in the 1-10 keV range, and utilized single material reflection layers (e.g. Au). Several future space missions are scheduled to include optics comprising up to hundreds of nested shells with Wolter-I profile. Therefore, the need for an industrial strength (in terms of robustness, reliability and precision) manufacturing process for such multilayers has emerged. In this paper, we will discuss the enabling technologies towards "industrial" Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) technology we have developed for this precision coating process. More specifically, we will review the results obtained on periodic and a-periodic W/Si multilayers, which have been produced on shells of 600 mm height and 300 mm diameter. Points that will be discussed include: · Advanced process control based on in-situ sensors and its effect on repeatability and stability of the process. · Ex-situ metrology methods · Thickness homogeneity over large areas

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7360, EUV and X-Ray Optics: Synergy between Laboratory and Space, 73600U (30 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820428
Show Author Affiliations
Denis Garoli, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Enrico Boscolo Marchi, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Valentina Mattarello, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Juri Bertoli, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Guido Salmaso, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Jacques Kools, Media-Lario Technologies (Italy)
Daniele Spiga, INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Giampiero Tagliaferri, INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Giovanni Pareschi, INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7360:
EUV and X-Ray Optics: Synergy between Laboratory and Space
René Hudec; Ladislav Pina, Editor(s)

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