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Proceedings Paper

The weight and angle of depression detection and control system of a large portal crane
Author(s): Lian-Wen Shi; Hongxia Xie; Meijing Wang; Yankui Guan; Gengxin Leng
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Paper Abstract

In order to prevent overturning accidents, the lifted weight and the angle of depression should be detected when a large portal crane is working in a shipyard. However, the locations of the weight sensor and the angle of depression detection part are far away from the central control room. The long signal transmitting distance is so long that it results in a lot of interferences, even the breaking down of the system. In order to solve the above mentioned problems, a high precision analog signal amplifier and a voltage / current (V / I) transforming circuit is set at the place of the sensor to detect the weight. After the sensor signals have been amplified, they will be transformed into 4 to 20 mA current signals for transmission. Thus the interferences in the long transmitting process can be overcome. A WXJ-3 potentiometer is applied to detect the angle of depression. This device has the advantages of a high accuracy of repeated positions, a good stability and a strong anti-fatigue property. After processed by the current-strengthened circuit, the transmitted signals representing voltage value can have the characteristics of transmitting currents because of the large current value. Then the anti-jamming capability is stronger. Send the weight and the angle of depression detection signals to A/D converter, then the signals turn into digital representation and are sent to the control system composed of a PLC. The PLC calculates the current rated lifting weight depending on the different angles of depression, and when the weight is greater than the rated one, the PLC sends control signals to stop the lifting; hence the crane can only put down the weights. So the safety of the large portal crane is effectively guaranteed. At present ,the system has been applied to the 70-ton large portal cranes of the Tianjin Xingang Shipyard with a safe operation of 10 years.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 December 2008
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7130, Fourth International Symposium on Precision Mechanical Measurements, 71304N (31 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.819727
Show Author Affiliations
Lian-Wen Shi, Tangshan Industrial Vocational Technology College (China)
Hongxia Xie, Tangshan Industrial Vocational Technology College (China)
Meijing Wang, Tangshan Industrial Vocational Technology College (China)
Yankui Guan, Tangshan Industrial Vocational Technology College (China)
Gengxin Leng, Tangshan Industrial Vocational Technology College (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7130:
Fourth International Symposium on Precision Mechanical Measurements
Yetai Fei; Kuang-Chao Fan; Rongsheng Lu, Editor(s)

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