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Proceedings Paper

Atmospheric sampling for VNIR/SWIR hyperspectral data analysis
Author(s): Perry Fuehrer; Glenn Healey; Brian Rauch; David Slater; Anthony Ratkowski
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Paper Abstract

Data from hyperspectral sensors calibrated to spectral radiance allow the prediction of spectra to be measured under different conditions through the use of physical models. Predicted spectra used in material detection algorithms, for example, are typically computed over a wide range of environmental conditions since environmental conditions are often unknown in advance of the measurements, and sometimes even during the data collections proper. A radiative transfer (RT) code such as MODTRAN® is commonly used to generate such predicted spectra. This requires the specification of a set of environmental conditions. We have developed an automated method for generating environmental conditions to obtain a uniform sampling of spectra in the VNIR/SWIR radiance domain. Our technique accounts for the nonlinear relationship between the environmental inputs and the RT spectral functions that are the outputs of the RT codes. An initial set of bounding conditions is used to define the bounding edges of the radiance domain. Based on the edges, the bounding surfaces are determined. Then, based on the bounding surfaces, the volume is populated. Variations of the sun angle, vertical-path-integrated water vapor density, and aerosol or cloud scatterer density and type are considered. Our approach to atmospheric modeling is demonstrated in signature comparisons using hyperspectral imagery acquired by the Hyperion VNIR/SWIR sensor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7334, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XV, 73340S (27 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.818347
Show Author Affiliations
Perry Fuehrer, HyperTech Systems LLC (United States)
Glenn Healey, HyperTech Systems LLC (United States)
Brian Rauch, HyperTech Systems LLC (United States)
David Slater, HyperTech Systems LLC (United States)
Anthony Ratkowski, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7334:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XV
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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