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Proceedings Paper

VISAD: an interactive and visual analytical tool for the detection of behavioral anomalies in maritime traffic data
Author(s): Maria Riveiro; Göran Falkman; Tom Ziemke; Håkan Warston
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Paper Abstract

Monitoring the surveillance of large sea areas normally involves the analysis of huge quantities of heterogeneous data from multiple sources (radars, cameras, automatic identification systems, reports, etc.). The rapid identification of anomalous behavior or any threat activity in the data is an important objective for enabling homeland security. While it is worth acknowledging that many existing mining applications support identification of anomalous behavior, autonomous anomaly detection systems are rarely used in the real world. There are two main reasons: (1) the detection of anomalous behavior is normally not a well-defined and structured problem and therefore, automatic data mining approaches do not work well and (2) the difficulties that these systems have regarding the representation and employment of the prior knowledge that the users bring to their tasks. In order to overcome these limitations, we believe that human involvement in the entire discovery process is crucial. Using a visual analytics process model as a framework, we present VISAD: an interactive, visual knowledge discovery tool for supporting the detection and identification of anomalous behavior in maritime traffic data. VISAD supports the insertion of human expert knowledge in (1) the preparation of the system, (2) the establishment of the normal picture and (3) in the actual detection of rare events. For each of these three modules, VISAD implements different layers of data mining, visualization and interaction techniques. Thus, the detection procedure becomes transparent to the user, which increases his/her confidence and trust in the system and overall, in the whole discovery process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7346, Visual Analytics for Homeland Defense and Security, 734607 (30 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.817819
Show Author Affiliations
Maria Riveiro, Univ. of Skövde (Sweden)
Göran Falkman, Univ. of Skövde (Sweden)
Tom Ziemke, Univ. of Skövde (Sweden)
Håkan Warston, Saab Microwave Systems AB (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7346:
Visual Analytics for Homeland Defense and Security
William J. Tolone; William Ribarsky, Editor(s)

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