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Proceedings Paper

Automated decentralized smart sensor network for modal analysis
Author(s): S. H. Sim; B. F. Spencer; M. Zhang; H. Xie
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Paper Abstract

Understanding the dynamic behavior of civil engineering structures is important to adequately resolve problems related to structural vibration. The dynamic properties of a structure are commonly obtained by conducting a modal survey that can be used for model updating, design verification, and improvement of serviceability. However, particularly for largescale civil structures, modal surveys using traditional wired sensor systems can be quite challenging to carry out due to difficulties in cabling, high equipment cost, and long setup time. Smart sensor networks (SSN) offer a unique opportunity to overcome such difficulties. Recent advances in sensor technology have realized low-cost smart sensors with on-board computation and wireless communication capabilities, making deployment of a dense array of sensors on large civil structures both feasible and economical. However, as opposed to wired sensor networks in which centralized data acquisition and processing are a common practice, the SSN requires decentralized algorithms due to the limitation associated with wireless communication; to date such algorithms are limited. This paper proposes a new decentralized hierarchical approach for modal analysis that reliably determines the global modal properties and can be implemented on a network of smart sensors. The efficacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated through several numerical examples.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7292, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2009, 72920W (30 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.817629
Show Author Affiliations
S. H. Sim, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
B. F. Spencer, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
M. Zhang, Shantou Univ. (China)
H. Xie, Shenzhen Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7292:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2009
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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