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Proceedings Paper

Towards a true spherical camera
Author(s): Gurunandan Krishnan; Shree K. Nayar
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Paper Abstract

We present the design of a spherical imaging system with the following properties: (i) A 4π field of view that enables it to "see" in all directions; (ii) a single center of projection to avoid parallax within the field of view; and (iii) a uniform spatial and angular resolution in order to achieve a uniform sampling of the field of view. Our design consists of a spherical (ball) lens encased within a spherical detector shell. The detector shell has a uniform distribution of sensing elements, but with free space between neighboring elements, thereby making the detector partly transparent to light. We determine the optimal dimensions of the sensing elements and the diameter of the detector shell that produce the most compact point spread function. The image captured with such a camera has minimal blur and can be deblurred using spherical deconvolution. Current solid state technologies do not permit the fabrication of a high resolution spherical detector array. Therefore, in order to verify our design, we have built a prototype spherical camera with a single sensing element, which can scan a spherical image one pixel at a time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2009
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7240, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XIV, 724002 (28 January 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.817149
Show Author Affiliations
Gurunandan Krishnan, Columbia Univ. (United States)
Shree K. Nayar, Columbia Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7240:
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XIV
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas, Editor(s)

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