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Proceedings Paper

Layer-by-layer carbon nanotube bio-templates for in situ monitoring of the metabolic activity of nitrifying bacteria
Author(s): Kenneth J. Loh; Jeremy S. Guest; Genevieve Ho; Jerome P. Lynch; Nancy G. Love
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Paper Abstract

Despite the wide variety of effective disinfection and wastewater treatment techniques for removing organic and inorganic wastes, pollutants such as nitrogen remain in wastewater effluents. If left untreated, these nitrogenous wastes can adversely impact the environment by promoting the overgrowth of aquatic plants, depleting dissolved oxygen, and causing eutrophication. Although nitrification/denitrification processes are employed during advanced wastewater treatment, effective and efficient operation of these facilities require information of the pH, dissolved oxygen content, among many other parameters, of the wastewater effluent. In this preliminary study, a biocompatible CNT-based nanocomposite is proposed and validated for monitoring the biological metabolic activity of nitrifying bacteria in wastewater effluent environments (i.e., to monitor the nitrification process). Using carbon nanotubes and a pH-sensitive conductive polymer (i.e., poly(aniline) emeraldine base), a layer-by-layer fabrication technique is employed to fabricate a novel thin film pH sensor that changes its electrical properties in response to variations in ambient pH environments. Laboratory studies are conducted to evaluate the proposed nanocomposite's biocompatibility with wastewater effluent environments and its pH sensing performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 April 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7295, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2009, 72951T (8 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.815995
Show Author Affiliations
Kenneth J. Loh, Univ. of California, Davis (United States)
Jeremy S. Guest, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Genevieve Ho, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Jerome P. Lynch, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Nancy G. Love, Univ. of Michigan (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7295:
Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2009
Tribikram Kundu, Editor(s)

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