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Proceedings Paper

Karst rocky desertification information extraction with EO-1 Hyperion data
Author(s): Yuemin Yue; Kelin Wang; Bing Zhang; Quanjun Jiao; Yizun Yu
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Paper Abstract

Karst rocky desertification is a special kind of land desertification developed under violent human impacts on the vulnerable eco-geo-environment of karst ecosystem. The process of karst rocky desertification results in simultaneous and complex variations of many interrelated soil, rock and vegetation biogeophysical parameters, rendering it difficult to develop simple and robust remote sensing mapping and monitoring approaches. In this study, we aimed to use Earth Observing 1 (EO-1) Hyperion hyperspectral data to extract the karst rocky desertification information. A spectral unmixing model based on Monte Carlo approach, was employed to quantify the fractional cover of photosynthetic vegetation (PV), non-photosynthetic vegetation (NPV) and bare substrates. The results showed that SWIR (1.9-2.35μm) portions of the spectrum were significantly different in PV, NPV and bare rock spectral properties. It has limitations in using full optical range or only SWIR (1.9-2.35μm) region of Hyperion to decompose image into PV, NPV and bare substrates covers. However, when use the tied-SWIR, the sub-pixel fractional covers of PV, NPV and bare substrates were accurately estimated. Our study indicates that the "tied-spectrum" method effectively accentuate the spectral characteristics of materials, while the spectral unmixing model based on Monte Carlo approach is a useful tool to automatically extract mixed ground objects in karst ecosystem. Karst rocky desertification information can be accurately extracted with EO-1 Hyperion. Imaging spectroscopy can provide a powerful methodology toward understanding the extent and spatial pattern of land degradation in karst ecosystem.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7285, International Conference on Earth Observation Data Processing and Analysis (ICEODPA), 72854A (29 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.815765
Show Author Affiliations
Yuemin Yue, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture (China)
Graduate Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Kelin Wang, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture (China)
Bing Zhang, Ctr. for Earth Observation and Digital Earth (China)
Quanjun Jiao, Ctr. for Earth Observation and Digital Earth (China)
Yizun Yu, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture (China)
Graduate Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7285:
International Conference on Earth Observation Data Processing and Analysis (ICEODPA)
Deren Li; Jianya Gong; Huayi Wu, Editor(s)

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