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Proceedings Paper

Fiber-optic biosensor based on self-mixing interferometry
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Paper Abstract

Self-mixing interferometry is a promising technique for a variety of measurement applications. Using a laser diode with an external cavity as interferometer, the technique offers several advantages over traditional interferometric configurations. This research used a self-mixing interferometer built in our own laboratory. It is based on a blue emitting GaN laser diode with a wavelength of 405 nm. Light is directed through an optical fiber from which a 1-cm section of cladding has been removed, and a cuvette for holding the sample is fixed around this part. Interference patterns, created in the laser cavity, are acquired with a computer-based data acquisition system and later processed using Matlab software. Since samples with different refractive indices create interference patterns with different phases, even small changes in sample concentrations can be measured. However, coupling light into a single-mode optical fiber is a very challenging task, and the setup is very sensitive to external interference like airflows or vibrations. Experiments with the device showed that, in stability measurements, the standard deviation of the recorded fringe pattern shifts was only 1.7 nm. In sample measurements, the refractive index change in the sample chamber varied from 1.0029 to 1.33, corresponding to a fringe pattern shift of 297±4 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 December 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7142, Sixth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-6), 71420I (2 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.815269
Show Author Affiliations
Miia Määttälä, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)
Janne Lauri, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)
Matti Kinnunen, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)
Jukka Hast, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)
Risto Myllylä, Univ. of Oulu (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7142:
Sixth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-6)
Janis Spigulis; Andris Krumins; Donats Millers; Andris Sternberg; Inta Muzikante; Andris Ozols; Maris Ozolinsh, Editor(s)

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