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Proceedings Paper

InP-based negative feedback avalanche diodes
Author(s): Mark A. Itzler; Xudong Jiang; Bruce Nyman; Krystyna Slomkowski
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Paper Abstract

The operation of InP-based single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) in Geiger mode provides great utility for the detection of single photons at near-infrared wavelengths between 1.0 and 1.6 um. However, SPADs have performance limitations with respect to photon counting rate and the absence of photon number resolution that, at the most fundamental level, can be traced back to the positive feedback inherent in the impact ionization-driven avalanche process. In this paper, we describe the inclusion of negative feedback with best-in-class InP-based single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) structures to form negative feedback avalanche diodes (NFADs) in which many of the present limitations of SPAD operation can be overcome. The use of thin film resistors as monolithic passive negative feedback elements ensures rapid self-quenching with very low parasitic effects and wafer-level integration for creating multi-element NFAD arrays. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of this approach with InP-based avalanche diode structures. We present NFAD device properties, including pulse response, quenching dynamics, and photon counting performance parameters such as photon detection efficiency.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 January 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7222, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VI, 72221K (26 January 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814669
Show Author Affiliations
Mark A. Itzler, Princeton Lightwave, Inc. (United States)
Xudong Jiang, Princeton Lightwave, Inc. (United States)
Bruce Nyman, Princeton Lightwave, Inc. (United States)
Krystyna Slomkowski, Princeton Lightwave, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7222:
Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VI
Manijeh Razeghi; Rengarajan Sudharsanan; Gail J. Brown, Editor(s)

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